Is the V O 2 slow component in heavy arm-cranking exercise associated with recruitment of type II muscle fibers as assessed by an increase in surface EMG? - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism Year : 2006

Is the V O 2 slow component in heavy arm-cranking exercise associated with recruitment of type II muscle fibers as assessed by an increase in surface EMG?

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Abstract

The recruitment of additional type II muscle fibers is one mechanism often suggested to be responsible for the slow component of oxygen uptake (VO 2 SC ). We hypothesized that surface electromyogram (EMG) of the biceps brachii, triceps brachii, anterior deltoid, and infraspinatus muscles could be related to the VO 2 SC amplitude during arm-cranking exercises above ventilatory threshold (VT). Eight healthy subjects performed transitions from rest to 6-min heavy exercise at a constant power output of approximately 40% between VT and peak VO 2 . A 2-component exponential model was used to fit the VO 2 response. EMG were recorded the last 15 s of each minute to obtain root mean square (RMS) and mean power frequency (MPF). Mean EMG responses for RMS and MPF were calculated by averaging EMG responses of the 4 muscles. The VO 2 SC amplitude was of 530 ± 166 mL/min and occurred after 134 ± 31 s of exercise onset. Significant correlations were found for most of the subjects between EMG parameters and the VO 2 SC amplitude as determined between the 2nd and the 6th minute. For all muscles, RMS values significantly increased over time during the VO 2 SC , whereas MPF decreased significantly. These results suggest a relation between the recruitment of additional type II muscle fibers and the VO 2 SC in arm-cranking exercises.
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hal-03559648 , version 1 (07-02-2022)

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Nicolas Tordi, Sylvain Bernasconi, Stéphane Perrey, Bernard Parratte, Guy Monnier. Is the V O 2 slow component in heavy arm-cranking exercise associated with recruitment of type II muscle fibers as assessed by an increase in surface EMG?. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 2006, 31 (4), pp.414-422. ⟨10.1139/h06-021⟩. ⟨hal-03559648⟩
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